Although weight-loss surgery clearly provides health benefits, it also has some risks—including an increased risk of bone loss and fracture.
About 10 prescription drugs have been approved to prevent or treat osteoporosis. Experts are still debating about who should take the drugs besides people with osteoporosis. After some of the drugs were also approved for osteopenia two decades ago, many women (and some men) with the condition started taking them, raising concerns about overtreatment. But in recent years the treatment pendulum seems to have swung in the opposite direction, with more women with osteopenia hesitating to take the drugs, often because of concerns about their side effects.
Humans need calcium and vitamin D to build strong bones. And drinking milk that's fortified with vitamin D is an easy way to get those nutrients. But does that mean drinking milk will help prevent osteoporosis-related fractures?