If you take medication for hypertension and feel faint or dizzy, tell your doctor. It may be a sign that your blood pressure is dropping too low, which can cause falls, according to a 2018 study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
If you were born in the United States in or after 1957, you were probably vaccinated against measles. But there's no harm in getting a booster dose of the vaccine if you're not sure of your immunity status.
Living with ulcerative colitis can be distressing, with your daily routine disrupted by frequent bathroom trips and unpleasant gastrointestinal symptoms. Two major medical organizations, the American Gastroenterological Association and the American College of Gastroenterology, recently updated their guidelines for managing the disease. Here's what they emphasize.
Smoking as little as one cigarette a day may be enough to substantially raise the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to research published online in 2018 in the BMJ.
What does memory have to do with your sense of direction? And why do some people, more commonly women, have a poor sense of direction? Here are some takeaways from an interview with Mary Hegarty, Ph.D., Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences at University of California, Santa Barbara, based on her research.
People may tend to think of asthma as a concern for children, but people over age 65 can be affected, too. What’s more, in older people, it is easy for doctors to mistake asthma for conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, or a heart attack. Recognizing the symptoms and getting an accurate diagnosis and treatment are key at any age.
Half a dozen studies have found that the drug prazosin, used to treat high blood pressure and several other conditions, helps with nightmares and other symptoms in people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). So researchers were surprised when a new, larger study did not confirm this effect.
Nobody knows the underlying cause of prostate cancer. But scientists have been looking at a number of possible promoters of the disease, including dietary fat, zinc, and flaxseeds.
Preventing falls is an important way to help prevent fractures in people with osteoporosis. A recent study adds to the body of research suggesting that the practice of tai chi can reduce the risk of falling.
Another reason to get that hearing aid: Age-related hearing loss is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia, an analysis of 40 studies from 12 countries has confirmed.
Should you take a daily aspirin to help prevent a heart attack? It depends.
The myth that mayonnaise is a major source of foodborne illness continues to circulate. Granted, summertime picnic spreads that include heaping bowls of potato salad, chicken salad, tuna salad, and egg salad can easily be the source of food poisoning if these foods are left out in the heat. But here's the rest of the story.
The importance of protecting your skin from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays is well known. But It's just as important to protect your eyes and eyelids. Here's what you can do to shield them.
Are your urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate? Here's what you should know if you're a male who's middle-aged or beyond.
The tiny blood vessels that supply our brains with nutrients and oxygen become vulnerable to damage as we age. This damage, called cerebral small vessel disease, increases the risk of cognitive decline and stroke. Find out what you can do to help prevent it.
Research has shown that in postmenopausal women, excess pounds can increase the risk of developing breast cancer. A recently published study in the journal Cancer suggests that losing weight might help reduce that risk.
Researchers believe that what we eat or ingest may influence our lungs. Many hope that probiotics and prebiotics, which are sometimes recommended to help with digestive problems, could be important elements in treating lung disease.
Also known as inflammation of the prostate, prostatitis is a common and often frustrating problem. The cause of bacterial prostatitis is obvious and easy to detect—infection with some type of bacteria. But researchers are not sure why some men develop the more common, nonbacterial form.
Lupus, or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks many parts of the body, including the joints. Results from a recent survey show that the condition is often misdiagnosed and that patients' symptoms are often discounted.
One of the most serious vision risks for people with diabetes is proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), a condition in which abnormal new blood vessels rupture and bleed inside the eye. Treatments that have been shown to slow the disease include a laser procedure called panretinal photocoagulation and anti-VEGF medication that blocks the formation of abnormal blood vessels. So how do these two very different approaches to treatment stack up when it comes to preserving vision?
Much research shows that blood pressure measurement, as typically done in medical settings, is often not as accurate as it should be and that many people may thus be misdiagnosed as having—or not having—hypertension. Usually the results err in being too high, meaning that people may be put on medication unnecessarily. To address this problem, this spring the American Heart Association (AHA) released guidelines about the proper measurement of blood pressure, its first update on the subject since 2005.
Compared to people who don't eat fish, those who do tend to live longer and enjoy lower risks of cardiovascular disease, and they may even boost their brain health. Here's how to choose the "best" fish, depending on your priorities (omega-3s, mercury levels, environmental issues—or all three).
Mint has a long history of being used medicinally, particularly for indigestion, and various mints are found in many dietary supplements marketed for digestive ailments. Is this just wishful thinking, or is science catching up to tradition?
For people with moderate to severe chronic heart failure, treatment options are limited, especially if a person is not a good candidate for other devices used to treat heart failure. But now, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a new device for those patients. The device can be used to treat heart failure in people who don't have other treatment options.
One of the oldest species of trees, the ginkgo produces leaves that are used to make one of the most popular of all memory supplements. But a decade ago, an important study cast doubt on ginkgo's ability to prevent dementia, and scientists remain skeptical today. Here's a look at this widely used dietary supplement "for brain health."
To help identify chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at its earliest stages before it causes serious lung damage, anyone at risk for the disease should take a simple, painless, noninvasive breathing test called spirometry at the first sign of any breathing difficulties.
In March, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced the approval of the first wholly new medication to ease severe depression since fluoxetine (Prozac) debuted in 1988. The announcement may offer some hope for a select group of people who have major depressive disorder, especially those who have suicidal thoughts, and who aren't helped by currently available oral antidepressants.
Large clinical trials conducted over the past decade or two have not suggested that any particular nutritional supplement is beneficial for prostate cancer outcomes. In fact, there are data suggesting that the use of some supplements—if you get above a certain level of intake—can actually increase the risk of poor prostate cancer outcomes.
Taking the dog out for a walk is a great way for older adults to be active, but they have higher odds of falling and fracturing a bone than younger dog-walkers. The risk of such fractures is a special concern for older people who have osteoporosis.
A number of medical conditions, including depression, heart failure, even sleep apnea, can interfere with memory and the ability to process information.
Men with heart disease continue to use prescription testosterone despite FDA warnings that the drugs are associated with cardiovascular risks, according to a 2018 study in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Two recent studies in JAMA Network Open offer hope to people who start exercising later in life or who are unable to do moderate-intensity or vigorous exercise.
If you have chronic dry eyes, here's another reason to get the problem evaluated and treated if self-help measures aren't sufficient: It can slow reading speed and make prolonged reading difficult, according to a recent study in Optometry and Vision Science.
If you have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)—also known as an enlarged prostate—and later develop bladder stones, you may be wondering if it's a coincidence, or is there a relationship between the two conditions?
What's the most dangerous room in the house for a person with dementia? If you said the bathroom, you'd be correct. Find out why—and how you can make it safer.
If you have a predilection for fatty fare, you may be able to control it better over the long term by going on a temporary low-fat diet, according to an Australian study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Poor indoor air quality can worsen asthma. If you or a family member suffers from asthma, you may be thinking of purchasing a home air-quality monitor to detect indoor air pollutants. But before you do, here's what you should know.
Each year, about 1 million prostate biopsies are performed in the United States, and of those, about one in three are cancerous. Sometimes, however, a repeat biopsy might be necessary to help confirm or rule out a prostate cancer diagnosis.
Fibromyalgia affects approximately 5 million adults, primarily women, and appears to be more common among people with rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic conditions. Widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and the presence of "tender points" are characteristic symptoms. Physical activity improves fibromyalgia symptoms, and a study published last year in BMJ suggests that tai chi is a good alternative to walking and other types of aerobic exercise.
If you've recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you may be tempted to try supplements instead of the medication your doctor has prescribed. But that's a risky move. There's no reliable evidence that any supplement will help, according to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health.
Results from two recent studies provide more evidence that a healthful diet and exercise can reduce the risk of stroke—and more.
"Beer before wine and you'll feel fine" and "Grape or grain but never the twain" may be age-old sayings, but they are myths. It doesn't matter if people combine beer and wine or in what order they drink them—they're likely to get an equally bad hangover, according to a recent study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
One of the surprising causes of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other upper-GI disorders involves having parts of your internal anatomy out of place—a condition called hiatal hernia.
People with atrial fibrillation, or a-fib, are at increased risk for cognitive decline and dementia, but not if they take an anticoagulant, suggests a study in Neurology.
A certain amount of forgetfulness is to be expected with age. While the minor memory lapses that occur with age-associated memory impairment can't be eliminated, there are a number of strategies you can try in order to organize yourself, protect against forgetting, and boost recall.
An estimated 18 million American adults have obstructive sleep apnea, according to the National Sleep Foundation, most of them undiagnosed. If you have symptoms, don't ignore them. Sleep apnea has been linked to a number of serious, but treatable, medical conditions.
Using social media may help counteract depression in older adults who restrict their social activities because of chronic pain, according to a study published online in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B. But be sure to protect yourself from online dangers if you sign on.
Men who have undergone a radical prostatectomy to treat prostate cancer often leak urine during physical strain, such as coughing, sneezing, or lifting heavy objects. When bothersome incontinence persists, a variety of nonsurgical and surgical solutions can help.
Back pain is by far the most common complaint among golfers. That's no surprise, considering the unusual stress on muscles and ligaments created by a golf swing. But these tips can help keep you on the course—and away from back pain.
Sleeping seven to eight hours a night is best for cognitive performance for most people, according to a large study in the journal Sleep.