Findings suggest that, along with lowering the risk of cardiovascular disease and possibly age-related macular degeneration, the Mediterranean diet may also protect against diabetic retinopathy, a sight-threatening complication of diabetes.
Are you considering purchasing a wrist blood pressure monitor? If you answered yes, you should know that they are not as accurate as traditional arm monitors—and the American Heart Association does not recommend them.
Excessive sitting, especially when done in prolonged, uninterrupted bouts, may increase the risk of premature death, even in people who exercise a lot. But frequent breaks may mitigate the negative effects, according to a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine in October 2017.
If you have a parent, sibling, or child with celiac disease, you should be tested for it, even if you don't have symptoms or signs of the condition, according to a 2017 review article in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Another benefit of the Mediterranean diet: It may enhance the cardioprotective capacity of HDL ("good") cholesterol, even though it doesn't raise HDL levels.
Depressive symptoms are common in dementia patients, and several large population studies have found a link between the two. But a May 2017 study in JAMA Psychiatry that looked at the phenomenon more closely found that new symptoms of depression in older, but not middle-aged, adults may be predictive of dementia.
If you need to use continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), you likely have a love-hate relationship with the device. This setup can be uncomfortable and unwieldy for you—and awkward and disruptive if you have a bed partner—so it's understandable why you might resist using it.
In addition to night sweats and hot flashes, menopause can cause or be accompanied by mood swings as well as bouts of depression. Indeed, multiple studies indicate that the rate of depression rises significantly for both perimenopausal and menopausal women, even those without a history of depression.
Men who have had a radical prostatectomy (RP) and who subsequently have a recurrence of prostate cancer fare better if they undergo salvage radiation treatment plus antiandrogen therapy instead of radiation alone, according to a 2017 study in The New England Journal of Medicine.
About 10 prescription drugs have been approved to prevent or treat osteoporosis. Experts are still debating about who should take the drugs besides people with osteoporosis. After some of the drugs were also approved for osteopenia two decades ago, many women (and some men) with the condition started taking them, raising concerns about overtreatment. But in recent years the treatment pendulum seems to have swung in the opposite direction, with more women with osteopenia hesitating to take the drugs, often because of concerns about their side effects.
A small study in individuals age 60 or older with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) provides more evidence that engaging in tai chi (a series of gentle, slow movements accompanied by deep breathing) reduces the risk of falling. What's more, it may also improve cognitive abilities.
New research has found that alcohol abuse increases the risk for atrial fibrillation, heart attack, and heart failure at least as much as already-established cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
If you have trouble hearing conversations, miss dialogue at the movies, find yourself boosting the volume on your cell phone or blasting the TV—or just tend to say "what?" or "huh?" a lot—you may already know (or suspect) that you have some hearing loss. If you want to test your hearing, one easy way is the National Hearing Test (NHT), which is considered a reliable screening test for hearing loss.
Over the past decade, so-called minimally invasive glaucoma surgery has been gaining popularity. There is no specific definition for "minimally invasive," but it typically means surgery that causes less trauma to healthy tissue, takes a shorter time to perform, and speeds postoperative recovery.
It's almost a given that as men age, they develop prostate enlargement and are increasingly plagued by a frequent need to urinate. The condition can be a real hassle, so much so that men will try almost anything to relieve it.
Most Americans are more afraid of developing dementia, which includes Alzheimer's disease, than any other condition, including cancer, heart disease, and stroke. Many people worry about losing their independence, becoming a burden to their family, or forgetting their loved ones. Here are 8 steps that might help prevent dementia.
Trying to get more whole grains into your diet but don't like the taste or texture of 100% whole-grain foods? The new "50%+ Stamp" from the nonprofit Whole Grains Council (WGC), which launched in the spring of 2017, can help steer you to something in between that might better suit your taste buds.
In some cases of suspected lung cancer, the doctor might recommend a biopsy and tumor testing. Here's why.
Limiting consumption of saturated fats, which are found primarily in animal foods, is important for overall health and cardiovascular disease prevention. A 2017 study suggests that saturated fat may also be associated with more aggressive prostate cancer.
Researchers have validated advice that doctors give patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA): Getting regular exercise will reduce pain and improve function. But their research also emphasizes that an effective regimen should include ...
When diet and exercise don't work, people who are obese sometimes turn to a more radical approach: weight-loss surgery. As the procedure became more widely used, doctors discovered an added benefit. Patients with type 2 diabetes had their diabetes improve or go into remission (when blood sugar returns to normal without the help of medications) after the procedure.
Late last fall, long-awaited revised guidelines about high blood pressure from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) lowered the cutoffs defining hypertension and thus greatly expanded the number of Americans who officially have the condition—from 72 million under the old guidelines to 103 million now. That's nearly half of all adults, including many under age 45, along with nearly 80 percent of those over 65.
Pre-washed, ready-to-eat bagged salads certainly offer convenience. But do they fuel the growth of potentially harmful bacteria?
If you've heard of the relatively new screening test for colorectal cancer called Cologuard, you may be wondering whether it is a good—or even the "best"-option, especially if you want to avoid a colonoscopy.
While most women may consider weight gain a top concern, they may be overlooking a larger danger to their health. Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes coronary heart disease, heart attacks, heart failure, and stroke, is the number one cause of death in women.
Have you noticed problems with your memory lately—that it's not as sharp as it used to be? Or have you been having trouble concentrating or making decisions? A growing body of research suggests that sleep-disordered breathing could be playing a role.
What is sleep-disordered breathing?
Sleep-disordered breathing is an umbrella term for a group of conditions that cause breathing abnormalities while a person is sleeping. During sleep, all the muscles in the body relax somewhat, including those…
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for more than 80 percent of lung cancer diagnoses. The two main types of NSCLC are squamous cell and nonsquamous cell. By the time most cases are found, they have already either advanced locally or metastasized—in other words, it is too late for surgical intervention.
Treating depression, anxiety, insomnia, or pain in older people is a balancing act. Doctors often prescribe multiple medications to manage these conditions. But taking the drugs, especially in combination, can be dangerous, increasing the risk of falls, cognitive impairment, drug interactions, and even death.
The most important factor in predicting the current state of a man's prostate cancer and determining his treatment options is his Gleason score. This method of grading a tumor's aggressiveness was devised in the 1960s by Dr. Donald Gleason.
In the years since, methods of diagnosing prostate cancer and doctors' understanding of tumor behavior have changed. Although Dr. Gleason's original scoring system has evolved to reflect those changes, a consensus is emerging that it's time to modify the way a man's prognosis is reported as well.
Can a daily dose of electricity ease back pain? That's the promise of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) devices that are now sold on store shelves and heavily marketed in television and magazine ads.
Studies have shown that staying mentally active may help prevent cognitive decline, but does it make a difference if you're a senior?
It's not common, but with wise lifestyle choices a 70-year-old can have blood vessels that look like those of someone who is 20-something, according to a study in the journal Hypertension, which was published online in August 2017.
It's a time-honored tradition to ring in the New Year with a champagne toast, but you might also be planning to have a cocktail before the clock strikes 12. If so, don't forget that alcohol-containing beverages supply calories but few nutrients.
Should pinkeye, or conjunctivitis, be treated with antibiotics or will the condition clear up on its own? Find out the what the experts think.
A variety of medical options are available to treat BPH, but if your symptoms are mild, they may be manageable with the practical measures.
It sounds almost too good to be true, but two recent studies have suggested that a pretty commonsense diet, appropriately called MIND, can help prevent or delay age-related cognitive decline and reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.
Sweet treats are ubiquitous this time of year, but the latest recommendations indicate that you should keep tabs on your sugar intake all year long.
Do you think smoking a cigarette every now and then really doesn't do any harm? A 2017 study in JAMA Internal Medicine found that any amount of long-term smoking—even less than an average of one cigarette a day—poses serious health risks.
Active surveillance offers men who have a prostate cancer that is unlikely to cause harm without treatment the option of careful monitoring with the intention to treat for cure should the disease change over time. This management approach is most often recommended for men who have very-low- to low-risk prostate cancers (favorable risk) that are believed to be small volume, especially older men whose cancers are unlikely to become life-threatening during the remaining years of their life.
Total knee replacement sounds like a complete solution, similar to getting a new tire for your car. Unfortunately, surgeons can't yet make a knee ravaged by arthritis as good as new. And anyone contemplating total knee replacement, also known as total knee arthroplasty, should consider its potential risks and limitations in addition to its benefits.
Only three out of five people with diabetes are taking statin drugs, though national guidelines recommend that they should take the medication, regardless of their blood cholesterol levels, unless contraindicated.
Many people who are at high risk of stroke due to atrial fibrillation either don't get the right stroke-preventing medication or they don't take their drugs as prescribed. New studies suggest this lack of preventive treatment further increases the chance of a disabling or deadly stroke.
Appetizers, hors d'oeuvres, and snacks—oh my! Temptations abound during the holiday season, but you may not need to steer clear of the nuts.
The evolution of drug therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) over the past couple of decades has been a game changer for people with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). While older drug therapies may have been able to control symptoms, the more sophisticated agents actually move patients toward disease remission and better outcomes in the long term.
If you have heart failure or have recently had a heart attack, omega-3 fish oil supplements could be a beneficial addition to your medicine cabinet. Taking these supplements might slightly reduce your risk of dying of heart disease, according to a March 2017 scientific advisory from the American Heart Association (AHA) published in Circulation. Supplementing with omega-3s might also help to modestly lower the chances of hospitalization if you have heart failure.
The claim: Vitamin E helps prevent Alzheimer's disease.
The evidence: ...
In the United States, the annual number of deaths among women from COPD has increased fourfold since 1980. And in 2000, the number of women who died of COPD surpassed the number of men for the first time. Women now account for 53 percent of all COPD deaths.
Studies have shown that two very different approaches to treating depression—antidepressant medications and psychotherapy—are both effective. But both can be problematic for patients, as well.
Some treatment guidelines suggest that active surveillance may be an option for certain men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer, although the practice is controversial.
Back pain is one of the most common—and debilitating—ailments people face. And finding the right pain relief is no easy feat. Many people choose to see a chiropractor about their back pain.