The American Heart Association (AHA) continues to recommend eating two 3.5-ounce (100 grams) servings of cooked fish each week to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. But is mercury a concern, and what should you do if you don't like fish?
Even brief bouts of exercise—5 to 10 minutes or less—accumulated throughout the day can improve health and reduce mortality rates, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Microstents are a promising new option for managing elevated intraocular pressure in adults with glaucoma. But with so many microstents becoming available, ophthalmologists are still trying to assess their relative benefits and long-term effectiveness.
The prostate is not a component of the urinary system, but because of its proximity to the urethra it can affect urinary function.
Humans have long wondered why we dream and whether it serves a purpose. The truth is that nobody knows for sure, but studies suggest that dreams may help people consolidate and reorganize memories so that they can perform cognitive activities better.
Maybe Hans Christian Andersen was onto something when he put a lowly pea at the center of his fairy tale, "The Princess and the Pea.” The food industry seems to be obsessed with peas, or at least their protein, which is being used in everything from veggie burgers, energy bars, and popcorn to yogurt and ice cream. But does having pea protein as an ingredient mean a food product is otherwise healthful or even high in protein?
Salt therapy has been around for centuries in Eastern Europe and Russia, where people have long flocked to natural salt caves in hopes of easing symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, colds, and sinus infections. Today, artificial salt caves are found at some spas and stand-alone facilities in the U.S. Sometimes a misting device sprays microparticles of salt into the air. Many people report that sitting in a salt room helps them relax and enhances their sense of well-being—but is there any evidence to support claims of medical benefits?
Men with advanced prostate cancer are at increased risk for developing osteoporosis. Here's why--and what they should do to detect the condition and help prevent it.
Many people who regularly take the pain reliever ibuprofen unknowingly exceed the daily dosing limits, according to a study in Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety. Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). And NSAIDs, especially when taken long term or overused, have a range of potential adverse effects, including gastrointestinal bleeding, increased risk of heart attacks and strokes, and kidney damage.
Beyond the weight-control benefits of improving your diet, smart nutritional choices can also directly reduce your diabetes risk.
Taking certain medications to control hypertension before bedtime will not only improve nighttime blood pressure control but may also modestly reduce the risk of developing diabetes, suggests a study from Spanish researchers. Since diabetes is a prime concern for people with high blood pressure, any steps that could cut your risk are worth a closer look.
About 12 percent of retirees temporarily increase their alcohol consumption to unhealthy levels around the time they leave their full-time jobs, according to a 2017 Finnish study in the journal Addiction. Here's a look at who's at increased risk and at what might be at the root of the problem.
A Mediterranean-style diet may reduce the risk of cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal) for the treatment of gallstones, according to a 2017 study in The American Journal of Gastroenterology.
While low-fat diets were once all the rage, they are no longer considered a heart-healthy choice. In fact, when you cut saturated fat, such as that in meat and butter, out of your diet, you should replace it with the healthier fats found in vegetable oils, nuts, and fish. A presidential advisory from the American Heart Association drives that point home.
Taking care of a close family member with a chronic illness is deeply stressful, not least on an emotional level. Yet, too often, the everyday physical and practical demands of caregiving can push that psychological distress aside. It is all too easily overlooked, neglected not only by the caregivers themselves, but also by society at large. However, new evidence from recent studies is drawing well-deserved attention to the emotional needs of caregivers. Here's a look at some of what they've found.
Common causes of lingering shortness of breath (a month or more) or recurrent episodes of breathlessness include COPD, heart failure, ILD, asthma, physical deconditioning, obesity and anemia. Once your doctor has diagnosed the underlying cause, here are seven strategies you can use to help control breathlessness.
Individual psychotherapy, including mindfulness-based therapy, can be effective. But one-on-one counseling is expensive and may not be available to many people suffering from depression or anxiety. Can group therapy deliver the same results?
If the results from a man's digital rectal exam (DRE), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, or both suggest prostate cancer may be present, a transrectal ultrasound with a prostate biopsy is typically the next step.
Acupuncture combined with standard medical care is more effective than standard medical care alone for treating chronic pain, including back and neck pain, according to a meta-analysis published last year by British researchers.
Depression is unusually common among people with Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, depression rates are elevated among people who have other types of dementia, as well as among individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a condition that often precedes Alzheimer's. In their search for a better understanding of the links between depression and these conditions, investigators have discovered that people with dementia often fail to display the classic symptoms of depression.
Researchers have found that sugar impacts heart health in several key areas. Here's a sprinkling of recent research.
As you plan your next airplane trip, your priority is probably to find the best price and schedule. Have you ever thought to compare airlines on the healthfulness of the food they serve?
For people with glaucoma, regular monitoring of intraocular pressure (IOP) is important for making sure that their treatment is effective. But testing involves going to the eye doctor, which can be a burden, especially for older patients. Can glaucoma patients safely and accurately measure their own IOP at home?
Treatment decisions for BPH are based on the severity of symptoms as assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire, the extent of urinary tract damage, and the man's age and overall health.
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a routine screening test for cognitive impairment in older adults that's widely used by doctors in the United States. Although MoCA isn't intended to prove or disprove definitively whether someone is experiencing problems with thinking or memory, it can be a helpful tool when used as part of an overall assessment by doctors trained to diagnose cognitive problems.
Dairy foods, including full-fat types, are not associated with increased body fat or other metabolic risk factors, according to a 2017 study in the journal Nutrition & Diabetes, which included more than 1,000 healthy adults in Ireland.
Unlike the temporary breathlessness you may feel after engaging in strenuous exercise or traveling to a high altitude, unexplained shortness of breath (dyspnea) is a symptom that's usually caused by an acute or chronic medical condition. Read on to learn what may be behind the discomfort and what can be done about it.
Some men will need to undergo a bone scan to determine whether their prostate cancer has spread to the bones. Here's a look at when the test is likely to be ordered.
Patients with persistent joint pain and other symptoms of Lyme disease are often offered unproven treatments that can cause serious and even life-threatening adverse effects, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
A 2017 review in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology offers an evidence-based, multi-faceted approach to preventing heart disease in people with type 2 diabetes.
If you snack impulsively, eat at unusual times, or chow down before going to bed, chew on this: Irregular eating can increase your risk of high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, obesity, high cholesterol, and diabetes.
As soda sales decline, newfangled waters have been taking their place on supermarket shelves—among them, a crop of so-called "plant waters," made from extracts of fruits, vegetables, grains, grasses, and various other plant parts. One thing they all have in common: a lack of scientific credibility to back the many health claims made for them. Here's a brief look at nine types taking root.
If you are taking anti-TNF agents to control inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and you still have evidence of active disease, here's what the American Gastroenterology Association (AGA) recommends.
Some adults ages 75 and older wait far too long before seeking medical help for heart attack symptoms. Here's why the delay could put their health—and life—in jeopardy.
While there are no set criteria for determining when a person with Alzheimer's disease should be prevented from driving, there are warning signs. Read on to learn about common indicators that a person's dementia is making it difficult for him or her to respond safely while behind the wheel.
Sleep apnea—a disorder that repeatedly interrupts your breathing throughout the night—can leave you groggy the next day. These disruptions also pose serious risks to your heart. Some research has suggested that using a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine at night—while an established and effective fix for sleep apnea—could also help you avoid a heart attack or stroke. But findings from a new study suggest this might not be the case.
Foods can improve mood in some people, but can diet really affect depression? Last year, the first controlled clinical trial on the link between diet quality and depression gave stronger support to this connection.
Guidelines from professional groups, including the American Cancer Society (ACS), the American Urological Association, and the United States Preventive Services Task Force advise men to discuss the pros and cons of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening with their doctors. To help you decide whether screening is right for you, consider these six key questions and discuss them with your doctor.
A recent study adds to the growing body of evidence that long-term use of opioids to treat chronic non-cancer pain, including back pain, should be the exception rather than the rule.
Wandering—leaving the home unannounced—is a serious problem that needs to be prevented. Wandering can lead to danger and even death when an impaired person walks alone. Never forget that the confused person may no longer possess the judgment to navigate safely in these once "normal" environments. If your loved one has shown any tendency to wander, here are three simple tips that can help.
An interesting diet study was published earlier this year, this one from Italy, comparing a Mediterranean diet with a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet. Both diets are widely promoted as being healthful, and previous research has shown that each can improve aspects of cardiovascular health and help with weight control, but no clinical trial has compared them until now.
If you're a food labels reader, you've probably seen the additive trisodium phosphate listed as an ingredient in some breakfast cereals. Despite what some websites would have you believe, there is nothing unique about trisodium phosphate compared with other phosphate-containing food additives. But you should also know that there may be some health risks associated with consuming high amounts of phosphate additives, which are abundant in processed foods.
Following a Mediterranean-style diet—with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy oils such as olive oil, and only very modest portions of red meat and refined foods—has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. And there's growing evidence that it may also be linked to a reduced risk of developing neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Some reports indicate that as many as 30 percent of men who undergo surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have symptoms that were caused by something other than an enlarged prostate. A medical history helps doctors identify conditions that can mimic BPH.
A study from Yale University suggests that having positive attitudes about aging may have beneficial effect on memory and cognition.
Gluten has gotten a bad rap in recent years. But in the absence of celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, there is no evidence that avoiding gluten will benefit your health, and it may even cause harm.
Many people track their thoughts and feelings in a daily journal, but if you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), you might want to consider keeping a journal specifically devoted to your condition and the treatments you're using.
An elevated PSA level doesn't always mean that a man has prostate cancer. Conversely, a normal PSA level doesn't always mean he doesn't have it. Here's what men should know about factors that can affect their PSA test results.
The advantages of a bilateral knee replacement—when both knees are replaced at the same time—might seem obvious. But most experts agree that this controversial practice has its downsides. Here's what you should know.
Diabetes is an "epidemic" in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). What's more, of the 84 million adults who have prediabetes (elevated blood sugar but below the cutoff for diabetes), only about one in ten know it. Find out what risk factors increase your odds of developing the condition.