Diabetes is an "epidemic" in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). What's more, of the 84 million adults who have prediabetes (elevated blood sugar but below the cutoff for diabetes), only about one in ten know it. Find out what risk factors increase your odds of developing the condition.
Long-term stroke survivors may benefit from either music or horseback-riding therapy, a Swedish study suggests.
The claim: Laughter yoga can improve your health. Here's what the evidence says.
If you have a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and you test positive, you will need to undergo a follow-up colonoscopy. Based on the findings of a new study, don't delay.
A recent study from UK researchers proposes screening adults for atrial fibrillation every five years, starting at age 65. Here's why.
What can you do to get your loved one who is suspected of having a memory problem to go to the doctor for a proper evaluation? Practical advice for a delicate situation.
Taking statins—the drugs widely used to lower cholesterol levels and reduce cardiovascular risk—may reduce the need for hospitalization and the risk of death in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), according to a study published last year in Thorax.
The "golden years" come with concerns that can often lead to depression: financial worries in retirement, loss of independence, illness, fears of mortality. Depression in older adults sometimes has such obvious causes but, as at any age, it often comes out of nowhere.
Each year, about 1 million prostate biopsies are performed in the United States, and of those, about one in three are cancerous. If you need to have the procedure, here's what to expect.
The claim: Following an anti-inflammatory diet can lower the risk of developing osteoporosis. But what does the evidence show?
Alzheimer's disease advances slowly through three stages, progressing from mild forgetfulness to severe dementia. Its course is relentless, but the rate of mental decline varies from person to person. Here's a brief look at what occurs at each stage.
When cardiac arrest strikes, quick action from a bystander can have a lasting impact, research shows.
Studies suggest that besides being good companions and adding joy to many people's lives, pets can provide both physical and mental health benefits. But not all research supports the "pet effect."
Researchers examined the medical data of more than 74,000 women ages 65 and older who had cataracts. For reasons not clear to the researchers, the women who had surgery to replace their clouded lenses were more likely to live longer than those who didn't have the simple procedure.
The American Urological Association (AUA) recently updated its guidelines on commonly used surgical procedures and minimally invasive surgical treatments. Following is the group's latest advice on which to consider—and which to avoid.
Two classes of antidepressants are associated with cognitive decline in older women, according to a study of 1,234 women in their 80s.
To increase the likelihood of successful long-term weight loss, this twist on a calorie-restricted diet may be worth trying: Alternate two weeks on the diet with two weeks off.
What is the optimal timeframe for starting postoperative chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)? A study in JAMA Oncology suggests it's longer than previously thought.
Men with prostate cancer have four main options for treatment: active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation therapy, and brachytherapy. Here's how they compare.
A small, but significant, portion of patients who receive prescriptions for opioid pain killers after undergoing joint replacement surgery will begin using the drugs long term, according to a study published online last year in the journal Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. Knowing which patients are most likely to become persistent opioid users could allow physicians to prescribe alternative therapies for managing postoperative pain.
You may be more tempted to ditch your healthy eating habits when you're traveling and not follow your normal diet, but don't do it. On the contrary, try to be extra aware of what you're eating and how it affects your blood sugar. These tips can help you make smart choices that won't sabotage your blood glucose control.
Suddenly stopping aspirin therapy appears to raise the risk of a stroke or a heart attack, according to a report in Circulation.
Here's a good reason to break up long spells of sitting with brief walks—it may help blunt rises in triglycerides (fats in the blood) after meals, suggests a recent study from New Zealand in the Journal of Clinical Lipidology.
People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often view their gastroenterologist as their primary care provider, and tend not to see a primary care provider very often. A recent clinical guideline from the American College of Gastroenterology, however, suggests that people with IBD would benefit from coordinated care, where the gastroenterologist and the primary care provider keep each other informed of their patients' health status and needs.
That's the question cardiologists are asking after a study suggests stents may not be as useful as once thought.
Losing a loved one brings on grief and other complex feelings, but caregivers of people with terminal diseases may experience similar emotions well before the person passes away. This phenomenon, known as anticipatory grief, can be just as intense as bereavement following the death of a close relative or friend—sometimes more so, psychologists say. Informal caregivers for people with Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia may experience a unique version of anticipatory grief.
If you are trying to quit smoking, don't rely on smoking-cessation drugs alone—they are unlikely to work without counseling, according to a 2017 study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
A small percentage of individuals who have been exposed to a natural disaster may develop a trauma- or stressor-related disorder. Severe or overwhelming symptoms can begin in the days and weeks after the disaster. If symptoms persist, they may indicate a stress disorder. It's wise to get help before they develop into a chronic problem.
Active surveillance offers men who have a prostate cancer that is unlikely to cause harm without treatment the option of careful monitoring with the intention to treat for cure should the disease change over time. Read on to find out if you might be a candidate.
If you suffer from back pain and have been taking opioids for pain relief, you may be thinking of trying kratom. This product has been reported to help relieve pain and ease opioid withdrawal symptoms. But the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns that using kratom can be a risky proposition.
If you like to tango, cha-cha, salsa, swing, or foxtrot, here's more reason to put on your dancing shoes: Dancing may be good for the brain, according to a study from Germany in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.
Snoring loudly enough to wake members of your household is one sign that you have sleep apnea—a disorder that repeatedly interrupts your breathing throughout the night. These breathing disruptions can leave you groggy the next day, but they also pose serious risks to your heart. Using a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine at night—while an established and effective fix for sleep apnea—might not help you avoid a heart attack or stroke as previously thought, new research finds.
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are the leading source of added sugars for many people. Most, but not all, research has linked them to a host of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders.
The most common test for vision loss from glaucoma is standard automated perimetry (SAP). A recent report has found that mild cognitive decline associated with aging can impair the ability of individuals to perform the test—and compromise the reliability of the results.
As a man ages, his risk of developing prostate cancer increases dramatically. Besides increasing age, several factors boost the risk of prostate cancer. Find out what they are--and how they impact prostate cancer screening recommendations.
People with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) should regularly do physical exercise to help improve memory and prevent further decline, according to the latest guidelines from the American Academy of Neurology, which were endorsed by the Alzheimer's Association.
These six tips can help you make between-meal snacking a sensible part of your weight management efforts.
An expert task force offers updated guidelines on the treatment of COPD exacerbations.
Some men who take medication for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) that belongs to a class of drugs known as 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) have reported developing depression and suicidal thoughts, but this risk appears to be small.
For many people, hand strength declines with age, especially if arthritis sets in, making it hard to go about daily tasks. Hand exercises may bring some symptom relief.
Some people with type 2 diabetes who lose weight and keep it off may be able to reverse the disease, according to a British study in the Lancet.
Statin therapy is a standard treatment for the first three months after a stroke. There hasn't been much research into longer-term statin treatment, but a study in the Journal of the American Heart Association suggests it may be helpful.
Don't count on cookbooks, even the most popular ones, to give much useful or accurate advice about food safety.
Are you a meat-and-potatoes kind of guy? A 2017 study in the journal GUT suggests that men who regularly eat red meat—beef, pork, lamb, particularly in unprocessed forms (as opposed to deli meats and sausages)—have an increased risk of developing diverticulitis.
Two analyses have added support to the heart benefits of whole grains.
A large German study published in 2016 found an association between the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) in people over age 75. But two new studies failed to find any such association.
Although being a smoker is the biggest risk factor for COPD, it's estimated that people who have never smoked represent about 25 percent of those who have the disease.
A controlled clinical trial lends support to the idea that diet can influence mental state and risk for depression.
Many—but not all—men with pelvic pain and other symptoms of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) have clear evidence of prostate inflammation. Conversely, some men who have prostatic inflammation experience no symptoms at all. Recent research may help explain why.
Although weight-loss surgery clearly provides health benefits, it also has some risks—including an increased risk of bone loss and fracture.