Here are 13 things you may not know about strokes, some of which may save a life, according to the American Heart Association.
In spite of professional guidelines and educational campaigns to reduce the overprescribing of antibiotics, the problem is still widespread. It's important to recognize when antibiotics can help you get better--and when they can't.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) sufferers frequently report that their symptoms worsen after meals. A number of strategies to alleviate those symptoms, including a "low FODMAP" diet have been proposed. Here's a look at recent research.
Statin medications can sometimes cause side effects, such as muscle pain or digestive problems. But what are the risks of stopping the medication because of those adverse effects?
All mental functions, including memory depend on an adequate supply of blood to the brain. Regular exercise promotes better mental functioning by improving cerebral blood flow. Can climbing the stairs help?
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening lung condition that can cause respiratory failure. Critically ill hospital patients with a history of heavy drinking or binge drinking are at increased risk for it, according to a recent study in the journal Chest.
What leads someone to attempt suicide? And what can be done to offer a lifeline to people who are desperate enough to consider ending their own lives?
Researchers recently discovered that defects, or mutations, in certain genes that normally play a maintenance role in the body increase the risk for metastatic prostate cancer, the variety that's hardest to treat. This finding has important implications for men with advanced prostate cancer—and for their families as well.
Good balance can help prevent falls—a major cause of hip fractures. If you have low bone mass, maintaining good balance is important. And attention to balance is even more critical if you have fallen recently or have had two or more falls in the past 12 months, because this means you are at risk of falling again.
If you or someone you care for has cognitive problems, take precautions to prevent falls. People with moderate cognitive impairment or dementia are twice as likely to fall as their cognitively healthy same-age counterparts, and they are more likely to end up in a long-term care facility in the aftermath, according to a recent paper in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
Modifying your lifestyle is an effective way to reduce the risk of heart disease. Yet many people at high risk feel no need to alter their lifestyle habits, a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association suggests. That's concerning, because it's estimated that modifiable risk factors account for the majority of the risk for heart attack among the general population. In other words, people have the power to make a huge difference in their heart health.
A free smartphone app provides trustworthy information about herbal products.
Some people notice small dark spots that look like freckles in the iris of the eye. These may be harmless iris "freckles," medically called iris ephelis, or they could be iris nevi, which are typically, but not always, benign. Another kind of eye "freckle" —found inside the eye—choroidal nevi—can be seen only during an eye exam. Here's what you should know about all three.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), commonly referred to as an enlarged prostate, is the most common prostate problem for men older than age 50. It can cause lower urinary tract symptoms such as difficulty starting urination or a weak urine stream. If the symptoms are more than mildly bothersome and interfere with a man's daily life, treatment options are available. Because other diseases can cause similar symptoms, a careful medical history, a physical examination, and laboratory tests are required to rule out other conditions. Here are tests your doctor might order to help make the diagnosis.
Could an implanted device that sends subtle pulses of electricity to areas of the brain responsible for memory help delay and even reverse some effects of Alzheimer's disease (AD)? While most scientists exploring potential treatments and cures for AD are focused on developing new drugs, some researchers believe that a surgical procedure known as deep brain stimulation may offer a promising approach to treatment.
Buttermilk's name is deceptive since it contains no butter and is typically low in fat. Preliminary research suggests that the drink may have modest heart benefits. What's more, some buttermilk may be better tolerated than regular milk by people who are lactose-intolerant.
Outbreaks of influenza occur each winter and last for three or four months, leading to infection on average in approximately 5 to 20 percent of the population. If you have a lung disease (such as COPD or asthma—even if it’s mild and under control), you're at high risk for getting the flu, making it especially important for you to get your annual flu shot.
The cause of bacterial prostatitis is obvious and easy to detect—infection with some type of bacteria. But why some men develop the more common, nonbacterial form is puzzling.
People who have fibromyalgia often live with chronic widespread pain that prevents them from performing simple tasks many of us take for granted, such as sweeping the floor, taking the dog for a walk, or driving to work. The condition affects more than 3.7 million Americans; most are women between the ages of 40 and 75. People with rheumatoid arthritis or other rheumatic diseases, such as lupus, are at greater risk for developing it. Here's a look at treatment options that may provide relief.
Three blood tests are considered the most accurate for diagnosing prediabetes and diabetes. Here's a look at how they differ and what the results mean.
If you have high blood pressure, checking it regularly at home might help you better control the condition, even if your doctor takes your blood pressure at most appointments.
It's well known that caffeine can improve athletic (and mental) performance, but not in everyone. A study from Canadian researchers finds that how you perform after a caffeine boost depends on your genes.
A hiatal hernia doesn't cause heartburn, but it is often associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Here's why.
Nitric oxide is a chemical compound in the body that relaxes the blood vessels and keeps them flexible, allowing them to dilate, boosting blood flow, and helping to control blood pressure. It also has anti-inflammatory effects and helps reduce the risk of plaque development. But too much nitric oxide can be harmful. Here's the best way to maintain a heart-healthy level.
When a person with dementia develops a UTI, they can quickly become delirious or experience unremitting pain or both. But she or he may not be able to let you know what's going on. If you are caring for someone who has Alzheimer's disease or dementia, here's what you should know.
Routine activities, such as bathing, grooming, and dressing, can take their toll on your energy if you have moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). But planning ahead and using some simple energy-conserving techniques can help you get through these tasks more quickly and with less effort.
If you are experiencing depression, here's where you can turn for help and what to expect.
Too many older adults continue to undergo unnecessary cancer screenings despite age- and health-related recommendations from professional groups. When it comes to PSA screening, there are no hard-and-fast rules, but here's what you should consider before you decide to stop—or continue—having the test.
Each year, more than 300,000 Americans ages 65 and older are hospitalized after a hip fracture, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nearly all the fractures happen from a fall. And a key factor in falls is poor balance.
Results from a large study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society provides additional evidence that hearing aids may slow cognitive decline in adults who are hearing-impaired.
Most people with abnormal heart rhythms (atrial fibrillation or ventricular arrhythmias) can safely consume coffee and other caffeinated beverages in moderation—despite the common concern that caffeine can trigger arrhythmias—a recent study finds.
The benefits of eating conventionally grown fruits and vegetables outweigh the potential risks of exposure to minuscule residues of the synthetic pesticides used. (The undisputed danger of pesticides is to the environment and to farmworkers who are routinely exposed to high levels of these toxic chemicals.) Still, it makes sense to minimize exposure to pesticides on produce when possible.
Recent research may have put the kibosh on the health claim that fish oil (omega-3) supplements are an effective treatment for dry eyes.
At age 20, the prostate is about the size of a crab apple, but by age 70, the average prostate has doubled in size. The condition, known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, is the most common prostate problem for men older than age 50. Here's a brief look at what happens to an aging prostate—and why.
Healthy older adults who exercise regularly are less likely to struggle for words on the tip of their tongue then older adults who aren't as fit, according to a study in Scientific Reports.
Between meal snacking doesn't have to be a hindrance to your weight management efforts. It's what you snack on and how much of it you consume that counts. These 6 tips can help you avoid self-sabotage.
It's important to establish that bronchitis, or inflammation of the bronchial tubes of the lungs, can present as either acute or chronic. You should know that one type is not contagious, but the other most certainly is.
Active surveillance offers some men who have a prostate cancer the option of careful monitoring with the intention to treat for cure should the disease change over time. Find out which men are potential candidates and what active surveillance entails.
A degenerative, or age-related, meniscal tear develops gradually as repeated everyday movements wear down the cartilage. A weak meniscus can tear with no or minimal trauma, such as when standing up or getting out of a car—actions that could include an awkward turn of a bent knee while the other foot is planted. Degenerative tears are common in people who have osteoarthritis.
For decades, nutrition guidelines advised limiting eggs because it was thought that they raised blood cholesterol and had adverse heart and metabolic effects. While such restrictions have largely been lifted for the general population in recent years, the recommendation for people with diabetes has remained murkier. A recent Australian study provides additional insight.
Gender is no barrier to strokes, which occur when blood flow to the brain is blocked (an ischemic stroke) or damage is caused by bleeding in the brain (a hemorrhagic stroke). But there are some gender differences when it comes to stroke: On average, women tend to have strokes later in life than men do, women have worse outcomes after a stroke, and some stroke risks for women are different from those of men.
Working out in groups with people of similar age motivates older adults to stick with an exercise routine, according to a study published in Health Psychology.
A large German study published in 2016 found an association between the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) in people over age 75. But two more recent studies, failed to find any such association.
Emotional or physical stress can trigger worrisome symptoms that are similar to those of a heart attack. Here's what you need to know about this condition, known medically as stress cardiomyopathy.
Lithium is being touted as an overlooked micronutrient, and dietary supplements containing very low doses of it are being promoted as a way to counter cognitive decline, among other claims. But are these claims simply hype?
Smoking causes an estimated 80 to 90 percent of lung cancer cases. Yet, only 2 to 4 percent of the estimated 8 million Americans who are candidates for lung cancer screening because of their smoking history have undergone the recommended low-dose CT testing.
Sleep problems can be both a cause and an effect of depression. Here's what you should know about both.
Men who consume soy foods may be at lower risk for prostate cancer, according to an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of 30 observational studies, published in the journal Nutrients earlier this year.
Heel ultrasound scans can be a quick and easy screening tool to measure bone density. But the National Osteoporosis Foundation advises some people to skip the scan and have another test instead.
People with Alzheimer's can improve with treatment just as any other person who develops depression. And many things can be done in the caregiver-patient relationship to help.