Treating depression with medication appears to help lower the risk of a repeat heart attack, according to a study published last year in JAMA.
If you have a cold or the flu, these simple precautions can help you avoid transmitting the germs to others.
Many people who have cataracts aren't getting the treatment they need. Likely reasons range from the cost of surgery to access to treatment centers. But the lack of a family and social support system may also play a key role, findings published in JAMA Ophthalmology suggest.
You have more frequent urges to urinate, but then you get a hesitant, weak stream or dribbling. You may have trouble getting a solid night's sleep and may dread waiting in line for the men's room or seeing the "fasten seat belt" sign illuminated in an airplane. Experiences such as these are commonly reported by older men who have an enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Although no one knows what causes the prostate gland to grow, there are several theories.
Requiring in-person driver's license renewal visits and vision testing is highly associated with fewer car crashes involving drivers with dementia, according to a study reported in 2018 in Neurology.
Most of us know that we shouldn't be drinking sugar-sweetened sodas and juices, as they can pack on the pounds. But what about low-calorie sweetened beverages, which have been touted as good replacements?
At first glance, the new Right to Try law sounds like a victory for patients suffering from advanced lung disease who have run out of treatment options. But here's why many leading patient advocacy groups, including the American Lung Association and the American Cancer Society Action Network, oppose it.
The list of gene mutations known to promote prostate cancer continues to grow, which has led to questions about the role of genetic testing in detecting and managing the disease. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network offers important guidance.
How much exercise is safe and beneficial for people with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and other common forms of the disease? An expert panel weighs in.
As we age, our cognitive abilities tend to decline. It's unfortunate, but normal. Now, a study in about 5,200 cognitively normal, older people living in England shows that this decline is more rapid in individuals with elevated blood sugar levels.
Results of a large international study challenge some long-held notions about alcohol and health. It found that overall, the standard definition of moderate drinking— one to two drinks per day—was linked to increased risk of certain cardiovascular diseases, including stroke.
One increasingly popular way to motivate people to improve their health habits is to provide financial incentives, but is it effective?
People who have lifestyles consistent with guidelines established by the American Cancer Society (ACS) tend to have a lower risk of death from cancer and a better quality of life, according to a 2018 study in JAMA. These guidelines include achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly and eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in red and processed meat.
If you are obese and have atrial fibrillation (AF), shedding some pounds may help you reverse the course of the condition. It's known that weight loss is important for obese people with AF, by helping with lowering blood pressure, managing sleep apnea, and reducing the frequency of AF episodes. Now there is evidence that weight loss can reverse AF.
People with preclinical Alzheimer's disease (i.e., those with biomarker evidence of the disease but no symptoms) have a good chance of never developing symptoms of full-blown dementia. That's the conclusion of an analysis of several long-term studies in more than 2,000 people reported in 2018 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.
Although being a smoker is the biggest risk factor for COPD, an estimated 25 percent of those who have the disease have never smoked.
Several studies have linked excess consumption of added sugar (not the natural sugars in foods such as milk and fruit) to depression. However, they didn't resolve whether eating too much added sugar causes depression, or if depression leads to craving more sweets. Findings from a longer study published in Scientific Reports may offer a clue.
Prostate cancer is very rare among Inuit in Greenland and Canada, who live largely on fish, as well as among Japanese men, who also eat a lot of fish. But evidence on the role of fatty fish and the omega-3 acids they contain on men's risk of prostate cancer remains contradictory.
A patient's belief that he or she will recover from back-related leg pain and sciatica is an important predictor of successful recovery, according to a recent study in The Spine Journal.
Older people who have seven modifiable cardiovascular risk factors under optimal control are at dramatically reduced risk for dementia, according to a recent French study in ...
Is there scientific evidence that taking a multivitamin/mineral supplement helps prevent heart attacks and strokes? Recent studies point to no.
Does your New Year's resolution to exercise more seem like a daunting task? Getting plenty of exercise can help you live longer, but keep in mind that even brief bouts of huffing and puffing confer important health benefits, according to updated Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
For years, medicated eyedrops had been the mainstay for treating glaucoma, a condition caused when the pressure of fluid inside the eye becomes dangerously elevated. Now some experts believe that the laser procedure known as selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) may be a better first-choice treatment.
Men who bicycle regularly needn't worry that the activity will have adverse effects on their urinary tract or on their erectile function, according to a large multinational study in The Journal of Urology.
People who have a stroke are about twice as likely to develop dementia as people who don't have a stroke, according to a review of studies involving 3.2 million people—mostly older adults—worldwide. The good news is that there are ways to help prevent one.
"Eat a varied diet" has long been a bedrock of mainstream dietary advice, here and around the world. But encouraging people to eat a wide variety of foods may backfire and lead to consumption of more food, especially unhealthy items, and to weight gain, according to a recent advisory from the American Heart Association(AHA).
Quitting smoking provides more than just a promise of better health in the distant future. Smokers who kick the habit after a hospitalization are more likely to report a better quality of life within just a month than those who continue to smoke, researchers say.
A look at the benefits and risks of hormone therapy for prostate cancer.
Do your knees make unusual noises when you're moving? Those pops and clicks you hear coming from your knees may be the sound of arthritis beginning to take hold.
Researchers have made significant advances in diagnosing and treating diabetic retinopathy, one of the most serious complications of diabetes. Even so, diabetic retinopathy remains a leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults in the developed world. Fortunately, there is plenty that individuals with diabetes can do to protect their vision, even if they already have early signs of diabetic retinopathy.
Depending upon the part of the brain impacted, a major stroke can have devastating effects, particularly on a survivor's motor skills. Given the challenges of coping with the subsequent disabilities, physical rehabilitation is a core part of post-stroke recovery. The goal is to help patients regain as much of their pre-stroke function as possible.
This holiday season, many of us would probably like to avoid discussing politics at family gatherings. So here's an idea: Talk family health history instead. Since many health problems run in families, a holiday gathering is a good time to delve into a discussion about the health of your blood relatives, both living and deceased. This exercise can offer a glimpse of any conditions or illnesses to which you and your family may be predisposed.
Most of us have experienced what it feels like to have trouble swallowing, such as when we eat too fast or don't chew our food thoroughly. But if you regularly have trouble initiating a swallow, take a long time to swallow, or cough or choke during the process, you may have dysphagia.
There's no reason to routinely use electrocardiograms (ECGs) to screen people for signs of coronary heart disease, even if they have risk factors for the condition. That's according to the latest recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).
Thanks to new developments in imaging technology, researchers are now able to use positron emission tomography (PET) scans to search the brain for a protein known as tau. Although tau is essential for normal cell functioning, it can also become dysfunctional and cause the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, abnormal twisted threads, found within the brain nerve cells of almost all people with AD.
A Canadian study reports that more than 42 percent of middle-aged and older women who have asthma will develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There are ways to reduce the risk of developing this condition, known as asthma and COPD overlap syndrome, or ACOS.
If a family member was recently diagnosed with bipolar disorder, you're likely to have questions about what to expect during episodes of mania and depression. This brief overview can help you better understand what typically occurs.
Urinary incontinence can occur after surgery or radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Pelvic floor (Kegel) exercises can help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles that support the bladder and help a man have more control over his urine flow.
If you're on a weight-loss diet, do more weight-bearing exercise to counter the potential adverse effects that this might have on your bones. That's a take-home message of a recent study in ...
Not all memory loss is irreversible. Loss of memory can result from medication side effects, depression, certain medical conditions, and other controllable causes.
For people with extensive coronary artery disease, bypass surgery may beat stents when it comes to boosting quality of life, according to a study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Although it's late November, it's not too late to get your flu shot, if you haven't done so already. The influenza vaccination is an essential protective measure in spite of many misconceptions about its effectiveness. The following flu facts—both new and old—highlight how and why you should take the necessary steps to avoid an encounter with this unwelcome seasonal visitor.
Injections of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors can slow neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). But many people find that receiving injections in the eye is stressful. If you're anxious about the treatment, here's what you should do.
Surgery is the fastest, most reliable way to improve lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). But compared with other treatment options, it is associated with a greater risk of long-term complications. Now that medications are available to treat BPH, fewer men are opting for surgery. However, when medical therapy fails or when symptoms are severe, surgery may be recommended.
The holidays are upon us. If you're planning to get together with family in the days and weeks ahead, here are some things you can do to help a loved one with Alzheimer's take part—if she or he would like to do so. Keep in mind that these tips can help strengthen family ties at any time of the year.
Dieting during the holiday season can be tough going, with extra calories seeming to lurk around every corner. If you need some inspiration to stick with it, keep in mind that your efforts might not be a benefit only to you.
Smokers trying to quit often report that certain cues, such as seeing other people smoke, cause them to crave a cigarette, which typically triggers a relapse. But memory retrieval-extinction training—a technique that alters memories associated with craving—may help.
Can dietary supplements lower the risk of developing prostate cancer? Here's a look at what's known about some common vitamins and minerals.
Australian researchers decided to test whether participating in an inpatient rehabilitation program after knee arthroplasty gets patients back on their feet faster. Their results may surprise you.
Your primary care physician can probably handle the varied aspects of your diabetes treatment plan—but that doesn't mean he or she can do it alone. Because even basic healthcare is more complicated in people with diabetes, it's better to have a team of professionals who have specialized knowledge about various aspects of the disease.