Doctors have long known that people with diabetes are at greater risk of getting infections than people without diabetes. But exactly how much higher is the risk, and who is in the greatest danger?
Exercise offers multiple health benefits, but how much do you really need to do? Updated evidence-based physical activity guidelines say even a little bit can pay off.
Sustained alcohol consumption can increase your chances of developing alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and of cirrhosis-related death. Here's how to know if you could be at risk.
Even when air quality is not ideal, outdoor physical activity can still benefit your heart, suggests a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association in 2018.
As we age, our cognitive abilities tend to decline. It's unfortunate, but normal. Now, a study in about 5,200 cognitively normal, older people living in England shows that this decline is more rapid in individuals with elevated blood sugar levels.
A study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society adds to the growing body of evidence that long-term proton pump inhibitor use in older adults may not be entirely safe.
The placebo effect occurs when belief in a remedy or in the power of a trusted and caring practitioner actually helps the remedy work and triggers an improvement in symptoms and health. But is that how antidepressants work?
Men whose prostate cancer has not spread to other sites in the body but who have rapidly rising PSA levels despite androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) now have two more treatment options.
In people suffering from vertebral compression fractures due to osteoporosis, vertebroplasty (injection of acrylic bone cement to stabilize the fracture) is no better at relieving pain than injection of pain relievers, according to a study reported in 2018 in The BMJ.
It's well known that air pollution contributes to many health problems, including heart disease, asthma, and other respiratory disorders. But evidence is accumulating that it can also harm the brain, especially as people age, contributing to cognitive decline and dementia.
After a heart attack, women are less likely than men to receive the recommended high-dose statin treatment. Results of a large U.S. study found that despite efforts to close gender gaps in heart disease treatment, women are still less likely to receive certain effective therapies. The reasons remain unclear.
Alcohol may adversely affect the oral microbiome—that is, the colonies of bacteria and other microorganisms in the mouth—according to a 2018 study in the journal Microbiome, which included 1,044 people. And this may have both local and systemic health implications.
Researchers uncover a surprising link between cataracts and osteoporosis and identify important benefits of cataract surgery.
Did you know that as your weight creeps up, so does the size of your prostate? Research has shown that overweight men are more likely to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) than their normal-weight counterparts. The good news is that maintaining a healthy weight by eating right and exercising could tip the odds of having a healthy prostate in your favor.
People with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias often need assistance with such basic activities of daily living as washing, grooming, and dressing themselves. These practical tips can help you provide care while letting your loved one feel comfortable, independent, and respected.
For meat eaters, fat may not be the only concern. A large observational study of Seventh-Day Adventists showed that a high intake of protein from meat is associated with an increased risk of dying prematurely from cardiovascular disease—regardless of the fat content and other nutrients in the meat.
People whose emphysema is not helped by medication have had few treatment options—mainly a lung transplant or surgery to reduce lung volume, which are not appropriate for all patients. But a new device provides another alternative.
Not so long ago, some doctors discouraged men with prostate cancer from exercising. But that thinking has changed.
Many people with hip osteoarthritis (OA) can relieve pain and improve mobility with nonsurgical therapies, according to guidelines from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).
In case you missed it, last fall, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) alerted patients and their caregivers and healthcare providers about proper usage of standard pen needles in their pen injectors after ...
Results of a large international study challenge some long-held notions about alcohol and the risks of stroke, heart failure, and other cardiovascular ills. They suggest ...
Martial arts can provide a variety of health benefits for people of all ages. Here's a summary of some of the research.
A large observational Chinese study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine in 2018 linked drinking hot tea to esophageal cancer. But how great is the risk, and how hot is too hot?
Can vitamin D help prevent cardiovascular disease or cancer in healthy people? Can omega-3s help prevent them? Findings from the long-awaited VITAL trial were recently published in ...
For most people, social interaction is crucial for wellbeing. Yet many individuals with dementia get very little. Findings from a recent study offer a potential solution for encouraging more interaction—at least for ...
When you live with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), shortness of breath is often a daily reality. Pulmonary rehabilitation, a program that incorporates ...
Currently, no tests are available to help identify which medication will work in each individual patient, so treatment often involves trial and error. The good news is ...
Drinking whole milk is associated with an increased risk for prostate cancer recurrence in men who have undergone treatment for the disease, according to a study reported in ...
Clinical practice guidelines recommend that several evidence-based treatments be tried to relieve low back pain before patients consult with a doctor about spinal surgery. Yet a results from a recent survey published in ...
There's good evidence that people with chronic hypertension (high blood pressure) are more likely than people without this condition to develop memory loss. Although proving that lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of cognitive decline has turned out to be difficult, preliminary results from a major randomized trial on the topic are generating excitement.
If you have a higher-than-average risk of heart disease because of family history, exercise won't erase it. But findings from a study in ...
To remove pesticide residues on fruits and vegetables with edible peels, consider using a wash made of baking soda. At least for apples, that is the most effective way, findings in ...
What if you've had cataract surgery and still need glasses or contact lenses? A laser treatment may someday make it possible for ophthalmologists to refocus intraocular lenses (IOL) that were implanted years before.
Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) for BPH has been available for more than a decade. Today, however, most urologists have abandoned it. Here's why the procedure is no longer recommended.
Recent research suggests that a simple blood test to detect beta-amyloid in the brain will be available soon—if you consider the next five years or so to be soon. But will such a blood test be useful in diagnosing Alzheimer's disease?
Over time, a gradual slowing of weight loss—a plateau—occurs. But don't get discouraged, you can get past it.
Mixed messages abound, with e-cigarettes being touted as a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes. But the more experts study them, the worse e-cigarettes look.
Medication is typically the initial treatment for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS), but a report in ...
Obesity increases the risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA), but does where you carry body fat matter?
Losing weight is one of the best things you can do to help lower your blood glucose level if you're overweight or obese and have diabetes. But that's often easier said than done. Intermittent fasting might be easier than daily dieting for many people. But does it work as well as daily dieting to lower hemoglobin A1c (A1c) levels and reduce weight?
Mirror therapy may provide some improvement in the ability to move limbs affected by stroke, according to a recent review of the scientific literature on this rehabilitative treatment.
Many people opt for organic foods, especially fruits and vegetables, because these foods contain little or no synthetic pesticide residues—and thus, they hope ...
Clinical evidence challenging many long-held standard approaches to the management of acute pancreatitis has recently come to light. Updated guidelines from the American Gastroenterological Association reflect the latest thinking.
Eating a lot of vegetables—especially the cruciferous type—is associated with healthier carotid arteries among older women compared with those who eat fewer vegetables, according to a report in ...
Two recent studies shed light on ways to optimize your cognitive performance. Here's what the researchers found.
Unsuspected emphysema was the culprit in worsening lung function in some adults with chronic asthma who had never smoked, according to a study published in CHEST.
After depression has been treated and has gone into remission, what's the best way to keep it from recurring? Many people remain on medication, but a recent study suggests that preventive cognitive therapy (PCT) works just as well—and that combining medication and PCT works even better.
Men with localized prostate cancer who continue to smoke while undergoing treatment for the disease are more likely than nonsmokers to experience biochemical recurrence and other adverse outcomes after treatment...
Updated advice on osteoporosis screening for women and men from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).
As the severity of the sleep apnea increases, so do levels of beta-amyloid plaque, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. This finding suggests that treatment of the sleep condition may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's.