If you never smoked, lung cancer may not be on your radar as a high-risk health concern. Yet roughly one in five people who develop lung cancer are lifelong nonsmokers. What's more, some recent studies suggest the incidence of these potentially deadly malignancies in "never-smokers" may be on the rise—especially in people ages 65 and older.
While the epidemic of opioid overdoses in the United States usually takes center stage in news media reports, fewer alarms have been raised about benzodiazepines--a group of sedatives used to treat anxiety and insomnia.
Brachytherapy--a type of radiation treatment for prostate cancer--is an option for men with intermediate-, high-, and very-high-risk disease.
It's well known that regular exercise can help you lose excess weight and improve your overall health. But did you know it can also help prevent back pain and injury?
Having a family member with Alzheimer's increases the risk of developing the disease. However, only a handful of people with Alzheimer's—fewer than 2 to 3 percent—have the disease as a result of one of three identifiable defective genes, or gene mutations.
A minimally invasive procedure can help provide patients with a speedy recovery--and satisfaction.
In the past 25 years, olive oil has taken on the status of a health food. But it's not the only heart-healthy choice available.
You may have heard of age-related macular degeneration, or AMD, the eye disease that can cause loss of central vision as a result of changes to a small area at the center of the retina called the macula. You may not have heard of a less common eye condition that shares similar symptoms with AMD, called a macular hole. Like AMD, a macular hole also affects the macula and is typically age-related.
Men who take finasteride or the closely related dutasteride for an enlarged prostate should be monitored for type 2 diabetes, because these drugs increase the risk of this disease, according to a study published in 2019 in the journal BMJ.
Placing your family member in a nursing home or assisted-living facility can be a difficult decision to make, and it often takes time. And when the time comes, expect a slew of mixed emotions, from relief and worry to guilt and grief. It's important to know that these feelings are perfectly normal and will dissipate in time.
Of the 13 vitamins essential for human health, vitamin K is among the least familiar to most people. But that may change as researchers report new findings about the vitamin's key roles in the body, especially for bone health.
While inhaled steroids are associated with fewer adverse effects than oral steroids, they're not risk-free. That said, guidelines from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) underscore the importance of inhaled steroids as the best long-term treatment for asthma symptoms.
Active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, and radiation therapy are well known strategies to manage and treat prostate cancer. This brief overview takes a look at two treatments that are not as familiar: cryotherapy and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU).
Researchers have pinpointed several factors associated with an increased risk of serious infections after knee replacement. If you're planning to have surgery, here's advice to help reduce your risk.
People with diabetes have high rates of cardiovascular disease, but not if they have five risk factors under control.
If you take medication for hypertension and feel faint or dizzy, tell your doctor. It may be a sign that your blood pressure is dropping too low, which can cause falls, according to a 2018 study published in ...
If you were born in the United States in or after 1957, you were probably vaccinated against measles. But there's no harm in getting a booster dose of the vaccine if you're not sure of your immunity status.
Living with ulcerative colitis can be distressing, with your daily routine disrupted by frequent bathroom trips and unpleasant gastrointestinal symptoms. Two major medical organizations, the American Gastroenterological Association and the American College of Gastroenterology, recently updated their guidelines for managing the disease. Here's what they emphasize.
Smoking as little as one cigarette a day may be enough to substantially raise the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to research published online in 2018 in the BMJ.
What does memory have to do with your sense of direction? And why do some people, more commonly women, have a poor sense of direction? Here are some takeaways from an interview with Mary Hegarty, Ph.D., Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences at University of California, Santa Barbara, based on her research.
People may tend to think of asthma as a concern for children, but people over age 65 can be affected, too. What’s more, in older people, it is easy for doctors to mistake asthma for conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, or a heart attack. Recognizing the symptoms and getting an accurate diagnosis and treatment are key at any age.
Half a dozen studies have found that the drug prazosin, used to treat high blood pressure and several other conditions, helps with nightmares and other symptoms in people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). So researchers were surprised when a new, larger study did not confirm this effect.
Nobody knows the underlying cause of prostate cancer. But scientists have been looking at a number of possible promoters of the disease, including dietary fat, zinc, and flaxseeds.
Preventing falls is an important way to help prevent fractures in people with osteoporosis. A recent study adds to the body of research suggesting that the practice of tai chi can reduce the risk of falling.
Another reason to get that hearing aid: Age-related hearing loss is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia, an analysis of 40 studies from 12 countries has confirmed.
Should you take a daily aspirin to help prevent a heart attack? It depends.
The myth that mayonnaise is a major source of foodborne illness continues to circulate. Granted, summertime picnic spreads that include heaping bowls of potato salad, chicken salad, tuna salad, and egg salad can easily be the source of food poisoning if these foods are left out in the heat. But here's the rest of the story.
The importance of protecting your skin from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays is well known. But It's just as important to protect your eyes and eyelids. Here's what you can do to shield them.
Are your urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate? Here's what you should know if you're a male who's middle-aged or beyond.
The tiny blood vessels that supply our brains with nutrients and oxygen become vulnerable to damage as we age. This damage, called cerebral small vessel disease, increases the risk of cognitive decline and stroke. Find out what you can do to help prevent it.
Research has shown that in postmenopausal women, excess pounds can increase the risk of developing breast cancer. A recently published study in the journal Cancer suggests that losing weight might help reduce that risk.
Researchers believe that what we eat or ingest may influence our lungs. Many hope that probiotics and prebiotics, which are sometimes recommended to help with digestive problems, could be important elements in treating lung disease.
Also known as inflammation of the prostate, prostatitis is a common and often frustrating problem. The cause of bacterial prostatitis is obvious and easy to detect—infection with some type of bacteria. But researchers are not sure why some men develop the more common, nonbacterial form.
Lupus, or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks many parts of the body, including the joints. Results from a recent survey show that the condition is often misdiagnosed and that patients' symptoms are often discounted.
One of the most serious vision risks for people with diabetes is proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), a condition in which abnormal new blood vessels rupture and bleed inside the eye. Treatments that have been shown to slow the disease include a laser procedure called panretinal photocoagulation and anti-VEGF medication that blocks the formation of abnormal blood vessels. So how do these two very different approaches to treatment stack up when it comes to preserving vision?
Much research shows that blood pressure measurement, as typically done in medical settings, is often not as accurate as it should be and that many people may thus be misdiagnosed as having—or not having—hypertension. Usually the results err in being too high, meaning that people may be put on medication unnecessarily. To address this problem, this spring the American Heart Association (AHA) released guidelines about the proper measurement of blood pressure, its first update on the subject since 2005.
Compared to people who don't eat fish, those who do tend to live longer and enjoy lower risks of cardiovascular disease, and they may even boost their brain health. Here's how to choose the "best" fish, depending on your priorities (omega-3s, mercury levels, environmental issues—or all three).
Mint has a long history of being used medicinally, particularly for indigestion, and various mints are found in many dietary supplements marketed for digestive ailments. Is this just wishful thinking, or is science catching up to tradition?
For people with moderate to severe chronic heart failure, treatment options are limited, especially if a person is not a good candidate for other devices used to treat heart failure. But now, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a new device for those patients. The device can be used to treat heart failure in people who don't have other treatment options.
One of the oldest species of trees, the ginkgo produces leaves that are used to make one of the most popular of all memory supplements. But a decade ago, an important study cast doubt on ginkgo's ability to prevent dementia, and scientists remain skeptical today. Here's a look at this widely used dietary supplement "for brain health."
To help identify chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at its earliest stages before it causes serious lung damage, anyone at risk for the disease should take a simple, painless, noninvasive breathing test called spirometry at the first sign of any breathing difficulties.
In March, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced the approval of the first wholly new medication to ease severe depression since fluoxetine (Prozac) debuted in 1988. The announcement may offer some hope for a select group of people who have major depressive disorder, especially those who have suicidal thoughts, and who aren't helped by currently available oral antidepressants.
Large clinical trials conducted over the past decade or two have not suggested that any particular nutritional supplement is beneficial for prostate cancer outcomes. In fact, there are data suggesting that the use of some supplements—if you get above a certain level of intake—can actually increase the risk of poor prostate cancer outcomes.
Taking the dog out for a walk is a great way for older adults to be active, but they have higher odds of falling and fracturing a bone than younger dog-walkers. The risk of such fractures is a special concern for older people who have osteoporosis.
A number of medical conditions, including depression, heart failure, even sleep apnea, can interfere with memory and the ability to process information.
Men with heart disease continue to use prescription testosterone despite FDA warnings that the drugs are associated with cardiovascular risks, according to a 2018 study in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Two recent studies in JAMA Network Open offer hope to people who start exercising later in life or who are unable to do moderate-intensity or vigorous exercise.
If you have chronic dry eyes, here's another reason to get the problem evaluated and treated if self-help measures aren't sufficient: It can slow reading speed and make prolonged reading difficult, according to a recent study in Optometry and Vision Science.
If you have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)—also known as an enlarged prostate—and later develop bladder stones, you may be wondering if it's a coincidence, or is there a relationship between the two conditions?
What's the most dangerous room in the house for a person with dementia? If you said the bathroom, you'd be correct. Find out why—and how you can make it safer.